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National Museum of Nuclear Science & History


Oral History
Louis Turner’s Interview
February 6, 2015
[Interviewed by Cynthia Kelly and Tom Zannes.] Tell us your name. Louis Turner: My name is Louis Turner.  L-O-U-I-S T-U-R-N-E-R. I’m a metallurgical engineer. Graduated in 1941 from the Colorado School of Mines. I was working in Denver Ordnance Plant when I was asked if I would go to Chicago by DuPont. They wouldn’t tell […]
Oral History
Jack Hefner’s Interview
July 9, 2014
S. L. Sanger: This is Hefner on June 11, 1986, interviewed at his residence in Richland. Jack Hefner: The plant at Oak Ridge was operating to make enough samples of plutonium, so they could learn how to separate here at Hanford. Very few people said a great deal about that and knew much about it. […]
Oral History
Harry Kamack’s Interview
May 15, 2013
[Interviewed by Cindy Kelly and Tom Zannes.] Tell us your name. Harry Kamack: I’m Harry Kamack. K-A-M-A-C-K.   Tell us where you’re from. Kamack: Well, I was born and raised in Connecticut, and when I was in high school my father was transferred to Atlanta. So I went to Georgia Tech, got a degree in […]
Oral History
Max Gittler’s Interview
February 28, 2013
Alexandra Levy: All right, we are here on December 28, 2012 with Max Gittler. Please say your name and spell it. Max Gittler: Max Gittler, M-a-x G-i-t-t-l-e-r. Levy: Where are you from? Gittler: New York, New York City, the Bronx. Levy: So how did you become involved in the Manhattan Project? Gittler: I was going to […]
X-10 Plant
September 24, 2012
The X-10 Graphite Reactor was the first reactor built after the successful experimental “Chicago Pile I” at the University of Chicago.  On December 2, 1942, using a lattice of graphite blocks and uranium rods, Enrico Fermi proved that a nuclear chain reaction could be controlled. Scientists knew that it would only be a matter of […]
Oak Ridge, TN
August 21, 2012
In 1942, General Leslie Groves approved Oak Ridge, Tennessee, as the site for the pilot plutonium plant and the uranium enrichment plant. Manhattan Project engineers had to quickly build a town to accommodate 30,000 workers–as well as build the enormously complex plants. “Site X” By the time President Roosevelt authorized the Manhattan Project on December […]