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National Museum of Nuclear Science & History

Gaseous Diffusion Process

Jersey City, NJ
August 3, 2016
Jersey City was home to the headquarters of the M. W. Kellogg Company, which specialized in chemical engineering projects. In 1942, the S-1 Committee tasked Kellogg with conducting research into the feasibility of the gaseous diffusion process for separating uranium isotopes. As the Manhattan Project began, Kellogg’s vice president of engineering, Percival “Dobie” Keith, took […]
Oral History
William E. Tewes’ Interview (September 2013)
September 30, 2014
Cindy Kelly: This is Cindy Kelly. It is September 6, 2013. I am in Oak Ridge, Tennessee with Bill Tewes. So Bill, can you tell us your name and spell it? Tewes: Sure. My name is William Edward Tewes. And the first and second names are obvious, but to spell my last name, it is T-E-W-E-S. […]
Oral History
William E. Tewes’ Interview (April 2013)
June 13, 2013
Susan Gawarecki: My name is Susan Gawarecki, spelled G-A-W-A-R-E-C-K-I, and today is April 3, 2013. I am at the home of Bill Tewes. And Bill, thank you for taking time to tell us about your life. To get started, would you please say your name and spell it. William E. Tewes: My name is William Edward […]
Oral History
James Forde’s Interview
May 22, 2013
Cindy Kelly: I am Cindy Kelly of the Atomic Heritage Foundation. Today is Thursday, May 2, 2013. I have with me here James Forde, who is going to try to remember something about his Manhattan Project days in New York City. I am going to start with an easy question, which is to have him […]
Oral History
John Shacter’s Interview
May 17, 2013
John Shacter: John Shacter, S-H-A-C-T-E-R.  Interviewer: And your age? Shacter: My age? Eighty-four. Eighty-four and a half, going on 85! Interviewer: And how did you end up in Oak Ridge, in the Secret City? Shacter: Well, I’m going to make it fast, but I was born in Austria, spoke no English when I got here […]
Oral History
Lawrence S. O’Rourke’s Interview
April 22, 2013
Cindy Kelly: This is Cindy Kelly at Atomic Heritage Foundation. It is March 20, 2013 in Wyomissing, Pennsylvania. And we are delighted to have Larry O’Rourke. His first question is to tell us your name and spell it, please. Lawrence S. O’Rourke: I am Lawrence S. O’Rourke, L-A-W-R-E-N-C-E S-for Stephen O’Rourke, O-’-R-O-U-R-K-E.  And, I like […]
Oral History
William J. Wilcox, Jr.’s Interview (2006)
January 22, 2013
William J. Wilcox, Jr.: My name is Bill Wilcox. Oak Ridge, Tennessee resident for sixty-three years. Ever since—pretty much since the beginning of Oak Ridge. Can’t imagine a better calling, a better career, a better place to live, better people to work for, better people to work with, or to be associated with. Very important […]
Columbia University
October 17, 2012
Important Manhattan Project research was conducted at Columbia University’s Schermerhorn Hall (pictured) and Pupin Hall. World-class physicists, including Nobel Prize winners Isidor I. Rabi and Enrico Fermi, joined Columbia’s research team to investigate the relatively new science of atomic particles. Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard first realized the possibility of a nuclear chain reaction in 1933, […]
Nash Garage Building
Located at 3280 Broadway, the Nash Garage Building was originally an automobile dealership which was purchased by Columbia University and converted into a pilot plant to create the barrier material for Oak Ridge, TN’s K-25 gaseous diffusion plant. While the theory surrounding this process was relatively simple, producing a functional barrier was another matter. The […]
Oral History
Joe Dykstra’s Interview
September 26, 2012
Joe Dykstra: My name is Joe Dykstra, that’s spelled D-Y-K-S-T-R-A.  Cynthia Kelly: Ok, now you can talk about— Dykstra: I finished school with a degree in chemistry in May of ’43. I was in Iowa. During that year, I’d filled out an application for a defense job with Hooker Electrochemical Company in Niagara Falls. I […]